Cohen’s cumulative distance

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The Cohen’s cumulative distance Workflow provides an environment to calculate the Cohen’s cumulative distance. The Cohen’s cumulative distance measures the difference between observed and expected vectors along the matrix path that the population would take to reach the expected population vector. It is a function of both the observed stage distribution (n0) and the structure of the matrix (A) (Williams et al 2011). Cohen’s cumulative distance will not work for reducible matrices or imprimitive matrices with nonzero imaginary components in the dominant eigenpair, and returns a warning for other imprimitive matrices (Caswell 2001).


This workflow has been created by the Biodiversity Virtual e-Laboratory (BioVeL http://www.biovel.eu/) project. BioVeL is funded by the EU’s Seventh Framework Program, grant no. 283359.

This workflow was created using and based the package popdemo (Stott, Hodgson and Townley, 2013)

Caswell, H. 2001. Matrix population models: Construction, analysis and interpretation, 2nd Edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Jongejans E. & H. de Kroon. 2012. Matrix models. Chapter in Encyclopaedia of Theoretical Ecology (eds. Hastings A & Gross L) University of California, p415-423

Oostermeijer J.G.B., M.L. Brugman; E.R. de Boer; H.C.M. Den Nijs. 1996. Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Demography of Gentiana pneumonanthe, a Rare Perennial Herb. The Journal of Ecology, Vol. 84(2): 153-166.

Stott, I., D.J. Hodgson and S. Townley. 2013. popdemo: Provides Tools For Demographic Modelling Using Projection Matrices. Version 0.1-3.

Williams, J.L., M.M. Ellis, M.C. Bricker, J.F. Brodie and E.W. Parsons. 2011. Distance to stable stage distribution in plant populations and implications for near-term population projections. Journal of Ecology, 99, 1171–1178.

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BioVeL has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 283359.

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